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Goof Glossary
Here are words that are essential to know when dealing with movie goofs. People seem to mix especially between scene and shot. Therefore; the words are explained on this page. If you are wondering about a word that is not listed here, let me know about it.
Goof categories
  • Anachronisms:
    E.g: a cell-phone is used in a movie that takes place in the middle-ages.

  • Audio/visual unsynchronised:
    E.g: someone is talking but his/hers lips aren't moving, or someone plays the guitarr and the sound is of bongo-drums.

  • Continuity:
    E.g: someone is wearing pants, but in the next shot the pants are gone and then back again in the following shot.

  • Crew / equipment visible:
    E.g: the camera man stands infront of a mirror and the mike man drops the boom mike infront of the camera.

  • Error in geography:
    E.g: someone is said to be in New Zealand and the statue of liberty is seen in the background.

  • Factual Errors:
    E.g: someone states seriously that the world is flat, when it in fact is round.

  • Plot holes:
    The plot doesn't make sense.

  • Revealing mistakes:
    E.g. someone hits a knife in another persons back and the knife bends.

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More will be added eventually.

Contact me if u want a movie-word added here or if you need to know the meaning of a movie-related word not listed on this page.
  • Boom Mike - A long pole with a microphone on the end. The boom is extended out near the actors. Ideally, the microphone at the end should be placed in the camera's safe area. Person in charge: boom operator.

  • Continuity - The uninterrupted progress of related shots and scenes. The appearance of performers, costumes and backgrounds must match exactly from one shot to the next so that the illusion of sequential filming is maintained. Person in charge: script supervisor.

  • Cameo - A small yet significant part within a film, oftentimes played by a famous actor. Cameos are not to be confused with walk-ons, which are brief appearances by someone famous.
  • C Stand - A stand used to hold lighting fixtures, scrims, and flags in place during the production of film and tape.

  • Dolly Tracks - A set of tracks upon which a camera can be moved.

  • Flare - When the light source (e.g the sun) is pointed directly at the camera, the optics of the lens often produce in the image a haze, glow or aura known as flare.

  • Prop - Anything an actor touches or uses on the set; e.g. phones, guns, cutlery, etc. Movie animals and all food styling (food seen or eaten on set/screen) also fall into this domain.
  • Reaction shot - A close shot of a person/persons reacting to something that is said or done off the scene or in a previous shot. A reaction shot may be used as a standard continue device, such as cutting from one player speaking to another who is reacting to his words, or as a cutaway device, such as cutting away from the main action in a boxing ring to the reaction of a spectator in the audience, then returning to the main action.

  • Scene - A series of shots that take place in a single location and that deal with a single action. The end of a scene is typically marked by a change in location, style or time.

  • Shot - A single continuous take, filmed in a single session from one camera setup


Types of shots

  • ECU - Extreme close-up

  • CU - Close-up

  • MCU - Medium close-up

  • MS - Medium shot

  • LMS - Long medium shot

  • FS - Full shot

  • LS - Long shot

  • ELS - Extreme long shot


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